Alcohol misuse can lead to a range of symptoms, including hallucinations. These hallucinations are usually third-person auditory in nature, often derogatory or provocative, and occur with clear consciousness. They may take the form of fragments of conversation or music and there may be secondary delusions or perseverance. Not everyone will experience hallucinations after they stop drinking alcohol, but those who had the highest exposure to alcohol often suffer more severe abstinence than those who did not drink as much. In most cases, hallucinations that come from alcohol withdrawal are similar to Delirium Tremens (DT).
This is when the body struggles in the early stages of stopping drinking so much to correct itself from the negative effects of alcohol that it experiences hallucinations. Although DT usually doesn't appear for a few days, alcohol-induced hallucinations usually begin less than 24 hours after the last drink and go away in most people before DT is an option. Each person goes through different types, with only a small percentage of people experiencing all three. Alcoholic hallucinosis is one of the most serious withdrawal symptoms. It is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as irritability and nausea.
Alcoholic hallucinosis will begin to lift its head around this time. It can continue up to 48 hours and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Auditory hallucinations: These are the most common type of alcohol-induced hallucinations and involve hearing voices or sounds that are not actually present.
- Visual hallucinations: These involve seeing things that are not actually there.
- Tactile hallucinations: These involve feeling sensations on the skin that are not actually there.
While other forms of alcohol-induced psychosis may involve visual and tactile hallucinations, those associated with alcoholic hallucinosis are primarily auditory and usually occur during or shortly after periods of heavy drinking. Alcoholic hallucinosis can also involve delusions and mood disturbances. The periods of psychosis characteristic of alcoholic hallucinosis can last for hours, days or weeks, or progress to a chronic and long-lasting form that mimics schizophrenia. Hallucinations only occur during alcohol abstinence, although sometimes, these sensations can be experienced during heavy drinking or after a drunken session in which the recommended daily limit of alcohol is exceeded. Antipsychotic drugs, also known as neuroleptics, can effectively treat psychotic disorders such as alcoholic hallucinosis. If you know someone who drinks a lot and claims to hear or see abnormalities that you don't see, this may be a sign of alcoholic hallucinosis.
If long-term psychosis persists, it is usually caused by an independent and concurrent mental health disorder that was prior to or developed along with alcohol use disorder, such as schizophrenia. What makes alcohol hallucinations unique is that the person is fully aware and cannot tell the difference between hallucination and real life. In most cases, these episodes of psychosis will end once alcohol use has stopped and withdrawal symptoms have subsided. However, if hallucinations persist or come at times other than chronic alcohol abuse, they could mean a health problem for the distributor and, in this case, an abstinence evaluation at a clinical institute is recommended. Alcohol hallucinations of any kind are usually temporary and can be treated in a professional medical setting. Learn what alcohol withdrawal syndrome is, symptoms, treatments, and who is most likely to have it.
Alcoholic hallucinosis is a rather rare alcohol-induced psychotic disorder that is observed almost exclusively in chronic alcoholics who have many consecutive years of heavy alcohol consumption during their lifetime.